Tag Archives: league data

Introduction to Minor League Analysis – Part 3 – Adv-A

Now we go one level down to Adv-A minor leagues for which there are 3; Florida State, Carolina, and California leagues.  There are 30 teams listed, one for each MLB franchise.  We won’t go further than this level into regular A league.  It will be difficult enough to sort through all the players in AAA, AA, and Adv-A.   Team tables below are formatted the same as described before.

Adv-A

Florida State

The Florida State league will be referred to as fla when attached to player names.

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
89.0 24.7 653 520 79 56 6.7 10.3 Fort_Myers_Miracle_MIN
52.0 25.8 606 497 75 51 29.7 0.3 Daytona_Cubs_CHN
14.0 15.4 565 518 71 60 17.7 -2.7 St._Lucie_Mets_NYN
3.0 -2.3 558 543 64 68 10.7 1.3 Lakeland_Flying_Tigers_DET
4.0 -61.3 562 617 67 68 -4.3 3.8 Clearwater_Threshers_PHI
-5.5 -14.9 545 563 67 65 2.7 -3.2 Charlotte_Stone_Crabs_TBA
-14.5 29.7 533 526 63 68 -4.3 -6.2 Dunedin_Blue_Jays_TOR
-5.0 -73.1 549 655 58 78 -31.3 0.3 Tampa_Yankees_NYA
-25.0 -22.4 529 593 57 77 -18.3 0.3 Bradenton_Marauders_PIT
-31.5 9.7 518 551 64 71 -9.3 -4.2 Palm_Beach_Cardinals_SLN
-39.0 1.0 509 547 66 68 3.7 -5.7 Brevard_County_Manatees_MIL
-42.0 40.8 517 514 68 69 -3.3 5.3 Jupiter_Hammerheads_MIA

California

We’ll refer to the California League as cal when attached to a player name.

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
226.9 -57.7 976 792 82 58 0.7 11.2 Lancaster_JetHawks_HOU
85.4 -76.1 827 816 64 76 -5.3 3.7 High_Desert_Mavericks_SEA
4.9 -6.4 731 738 69 71 2.7 -11.8 Stockton_Ports_OAK
-8.6 -38.5 728 804 65 75 -32.3 -1.3 Rancho_Cucamonga_Quakes_LAN
-21.6 -56.6 718 818 61 79 -25.3 1.7 Lake_Elsinore_Storm_SDN
-38.1 -18.7 704 739 77 63 14.7 4.2 Visalia_Rawhide_ARI
-47.1 94.3 695 633 75 65 7.7 4.2 Modesto_Nuts_COL
-48.1 124.6 690 590 83 57 19.7 0.2 San_Jose_Giants_SFN
-59.6 -2.8 675 713 69 71 23.7 -3.3 Inland_Empire_66ers_ANA
-94.1 4.9 635 736 55 85 -6.3 -8.8 Bakersfield_Blaze_CIN

Carolina

Carolina League will go by car in player names.

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
74.4 0.4 703 630 71 69 1.4 -5.9 Winston-Salem_Dash_CHA
41.9 35.3 680 590 84 55 6.4 3.6 Potomac_Nationals_WAS
7.4 6.6 644 596 76 64 30.4 2.1 Salem_Red_Sox_BOS
-0.6 -19.0 637 657 57 83 -6.6 3.1 Carolina_Mudcats_CLE
-17.6 32.6 621 605 77 62 -5.6 4.1 Myrtle_Beach_Pelicans_TEX
-17.1 -70.0 612 721 61 78 -18.6 -5.4 Frederick_Keys_BAL
-30.1 -12.4 607 642 69 70 2.4 2.6 Lynchburg_Hillcats_ATL
-58.1 7.6 572 635 63 77 -9.6 -4.4 Wilmington_Blue_Rocks_KCA

Introduction to Minor League Analysis – Part 2 – AA

In this next part we’ll introduce the AA minor league leagues and teams. There are 3 leagues of 30 teams, one for each MLB franchise. All these team tables will be in this format, both major and minor leagues. It is not the purpose of this site to rehash who won what division.

This WAA data model operates on a league basis to evaluate players and teams. These tables show team strength as they relate to batting and pitching. The first two columns represent runs above average with respect to BATting and PITCHing.  Team tables are usually sorted by batting strength but they don’t have to be.  The numbers in the first two columns can be derived from the R and RA columns.  R represents runs scored, RA represents runs scored against.  Runs scored can only be done by batters.  Runs scored against can only come from pitchers.  The formula to determine the first two columns are as follows:

BAT(RAA) = R(Team) – R(League Team Average)

PITCH(RAA) = RA(Team) – R(League Team Average)

Update 12/30/2013: The variables in the above equation were reversed.  The corrected simple formula is below.

PITCH(RAA) = R(League Team Average) – RA(Team)

The above are the simple formulae.  The UR column represents unearned runs above average and the LR column represents lucky runs above average.  A team with a high negative in the UR column means that team has bad fielding — they gave up way more unearned runs than average.  On the flip side a team with a high positive means the opposite, that team has above average fielding.  A lucky run is a run where no batter gets credit for an RBI, like a wild pitch that scores a run.  I call it lucky because I have to call it something and something going wrong that scores a run that doesn’t involve a plate appearance could be considered lucky.

Unearned Runs = R(Team) – ER(Team)  where ER = Earned Runs

Lucky Runs = R(Team) – RBI(Team) where RBI = Runs Batted In

LR and UR columns represent above and below league average and not cumulative as defined in the above formulas.  The way these tables are formatted you should be able to determine at a glance the team with the best hitting, best pitching, and best fielding.  This may relate to the type of player the affiliate is raising.

AA

Southern League

The Southern League will go by the symbol sl next to player names when we get to rating tables.

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
74.1 3.2 618 545 76 62 -7.3 0.6 Tennessee_Smokies_CHN
73.5 -10.0 619 563 77 63 -12.3 2.1 Birmingham_Barons_CHA
28.0 -85.5 577 641 71 69 -14.3 5.6 Montgomery_Biscuits_TBA
12.0 44.7 552 499 73 63 -2.3 -3.4 Jacksonville_Suns_MIA
14.6 59.8 563 478 79 60 3.7 5.1 Mobile_Bay_Bears_ARI
7.6 50.5 556 489 76 63 1.7 5.1 Mississippi_Braves_ATL
-18.5 31.3 525 506 62 73 4.7 0.1 Jackson_Generals_SEA
-56.5 -60.3 484 614 59 79 -12.3 -2.9 Huntsville_Stars_MIL
-59.4 -35.8 479 555 59 80 21.7 -5.4 Chattanooga_Lookouts_LAN
-75.2 -18.9 461 544 59 79 16.7 -6.9 Pensacola_Blue_Wahoos_CIN

Texas League

For all you Texas Leaguers, this league will use tex as its moniker.

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
60.0 -19.2 657 603 83 57 7.6 3.0 Corpus_Christi_Hooks_HOU
45.0 -28.5 647 634 62 78 -14.4 8.0 Midland_RockHounds_OAK
15.5 -27.5 607 619 64 74 -1.4 -2.5 Springfield_Cardinals_SLN
-17.5 5.4 578 566 73 66 19.6 1.5 Arkansas_Travelers_ANA
-14.5 -57.4 583 653 59 81 -3.4 3.5 Northwest_Arkansas_Naturals_KCA
-17.5 15.5 569 578 70 70 -2.4 -7.5 Frisco_RoughRiders_TEX
-30.5 78.3 562 527 78 61 -13.4 -1.5 San_Antonio_Missions_SDN
-40.4 12.3 549 572 68 70 7.6 -4.5 Tulsa_Drillers_COL

Eastern League

This league will use east as its moniker.

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
69.8 0.2 697 620 71 71 5.0 -0.6 Bowie_Baysox_BAL
34.3 66.2 668 560 86 55 0.0 5.9 Binghamton_Mets_NYN
21.8 -59.0 654 687 68 73 -3.0 4.4 Akron_Aeros_CLE
17.8 -39.4 640 669 68 72 -4.0 -5.6 New_Hampshire_Fisher_Cats_TOR
7.3 10.9 640 634 68 73 -20.0 4.9 Portland_Sea_Dogs_BOS
14.3 -39.4 637 673 66 76 -9.0 -5.1 New_Britain_Rock_Cats_MIN
-5.7 -13.1 621 630 76 66 9.0 -1.1 Erie_SeaWolves_DET
-18.2 51.6 609 577 74 67 -4.0 -0.6 Trenton_Thunder_NYA
-7.7 -39.8 611 661 70 72 5.0 -9.1 Richmond_Flying_Squirrels_SFN
-29.7 75.0 602 533 77 65 17.0 3.9 Harrisburg_Senators_WAS
-47.1 -60.8 585 675 62 80 11.0 4.4 Reading_Fightin_Phils_PHI
-56.9 17.9 569 614 63 79 -7.0 -1.6 Altoona_Curve_PIT

The next installment of this introduction to minor league teams will cover Adv-A league.

Introduction to Minor League Analysis Part 1

This post will introduce the relevant minor leagues used in my data model.  A somewhat complete listing of leagues for 2013 can be found here at baseball-reference. There are quite a few leagues. This blog will focus only on AAA, AA, Adv-A, and some A leagues. AAA is the most advanced, then AA, then Adv-A, and finally A. AAA has a Mexican league which won’t be analyzed yet because that league has no MLB affiliates. We want to be able to get a look into various affiliate’s farm systems and not become overwhelmed.

First let’s introduce the leagues and their teams. The following tables use the format of this data model. These tables will provide an idea as to what affiliate’s belong to which league and you can get an idea as to how good that team is with respect to batting (1st column) and pitching (2nd column). This can provide a glimpse into what kind of players each MLB team is farming from a macro perspective. I’ll get into more detailed explanation of these tables in a future posting. All results in these tables are from the 2013 season.

AAA

First let’s look at AAA. There are two relevant leagues with affiliates in AAA; Pacific Coast League (pcl) and International League (int).  There are 16 teams in pcl and 14 teams in int accounting for all 30 MLB teams.  Affiliates will be using the 3 letter franchise key used throughout this site.

Pacific Coast League

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
125.3 -31.9 828 728 81 63 -4.2 7.8 Las_Vegas_51s_NYN
112.0 -141.3 809 832 78 66 -0.2 2.2 Salt_Lake_Bees_ANA
75.8 15.1 773 683 79 65 -6.2 2.2 Sacramento_River_Cats_OAK
62.3 -28.8 762 711 76 68 9.8 4.8 Tacoma_Rainiers_SEA
57.8 -92.9 757 793 60 84 -8.2 4.2 Reno_Aces_ARI
54.4 -112.7 747 836 67 76 -32.2 -2.2 Colorado_Springs_Sky_Sox_COL
50.1 51.4 746 638 76 68 2.8 1.2 Albuquerque_Isotopes_LAN
25.3 -17.2 723 703 77 67 6.8 2.8 Tucson_Padres_SDN
-10.2 45.1 686 639 73 71 7.8 1.2 Round_Rock_Express_TEX
-26.2 31.4 677 645 82 62 14.8 8.2 Oklahoma_City_RedHawks_HOU
-29.1 -36.9 656 725 68 75 3.8 -9.8 Fresno_Grizzlies_SFN
-53.7 70.0 634 611 69 75 9.8 -7.2 Memphis_Redbirds_SLN
-72.7 73.8 621 622 70 74 -3.2 -1.2 Omaha_Storm_Chasers_KCA
-101.2 -9.9 589 717 57 87 -15.2 -4.8 Nashville_Sounds_MIL
-121.2 19.7 565 658 66 78 13.8 -8.8 Iowa_Cubs_CHN
-148.2 113.8 546 578 72 72 0.8 -0.8 New_Orleans_Zephyrs_MIA

International League

BAT PITCH R RA W L UR LR Team Name
77.0 72.0 698 533 87 57 2.0 11.8 Durham_Bulls_TBA
59.0 -56.9 669 664 77 67 -1.0 0.8 Rochester_Red_Wings_MIN
53.0 -6.2 663 615 80 63 -3.0 0.8 Pawtucket_Red_Sox_BOS
28.5 0.2 638 606 77 67 0.0 0.3 Norfolk_Tides_BAL
9.5 42.1 622 555 80 64 10.0 3.3 Indianapolis_Indians_PIT
10.5 -34.6 621 646 74 70 -6.0 1.3 Buffalo_Bisons_TOR
2.5 -5.3 612 608 72 72 4.0 0.3 Lehigh_Valley_IronPigs_PHI
-8.5 -32.2 600 656 66 78 -18.0 -0.7 Syracuse_Chiefs_WAS
-5.5 5.9 599 611 61 83 -11.0 -4.7 Toledo_Mud_Hens_DET
-19.5 -33.6 589 651 65 78 -11.0 -0.7 Charlotte_Knights_CHA
-28.5 9.2 577 589 71 73 8.0 -3.7 Columbus_Clippers_CLE
-30.0 8.7 576 576 68 76 22.0 -3.2 Scranton/Wilkes-Barre_RailRiders_NYA
-66.0 -21.7 541 640 60 84 -11.0 -2.7 Gwinnett_Braves_ATL
-83.0 12.8 523 578 69 75 15.0 -3.2 Louisville_Bats_CIN

In the next post I’ll list AA and Adv-A and then a detailed explaination of some columns used in these tables. The main purpose of these first few posts is to introduce the minor leagues I’ll be covering, their teams, and MLB affiliations.